Offering business guidance and action planning during these uncertain times.

The spread of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) continues to dominate the news, with major implications for businesses across Sussex, the UK, and the World.

The current economic conditions mean businesses are having to trade under extremely challenging and unprecedented conditions. We would urge businesses foreseeing a requirement for additional support or finance to act promptly, even as a precautionary measure.

Information correct as of October 2021.

Government support for businesses summary

The Government continues to announce new measures to support businesses during the COVID-19 outbreak.

Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS)

The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme ended on 30 September 2021. Claims for September must be submitted on or before 14 October 2021. Any amendments must be made on or before 28 October 2021.

The CJRS broadly follows the same rules that previously existed, where employers can furlough (wholly or partly) their staff and pay at least 80% of their usual pay for hours they did not work in the pay period. The employer can then reclaim 80% of an employee’s wages for unworked hours back from the government (up to a cap of £2,500), although the employer is required to pay employer pension and employer national insurance costs without reimbursement, in addition to an employee’s pay for worked hours.

From July 2021, employers that use the furlough scheme will contribute towards the cost of their furloughed employees’ wages. The employer will pay 10% towards the employee costs, with this increasing to 20% for August and September. To be eligible for the grant, the employer must continue to pay the furloughed employees at least 80% of their wages, the employer can still top up the employee’s wages at their own expense.

From May 2021, the scheme is now open to employees who were employed on 2 March 2020 and were included on the employer’s payroll between 20 March 2020 and 2 March 2021 (and notified to HMRC via an RTI submission on or before 2 March 2021). This could potentially mean that you are now able to furlough employees who were previously not eligible for the furlough grant.

Claims must be submitted by 11.59pm 14 calendar days after the month you are claiming for. For example, a claim for furlough days in March 2021 needs to be submitted by 14 April 2021. If this date falls on the weekend or a bank holiday, then claims should be submitted by the next working day.

Find out more about the CJRS

Self-Employed Income Support Scheme (SEISS)

HMRC has issued guidance on claiming the fifth and final self-employed Income Support Scheme (SEISS) grant.

Unlike previous SEISS grants, the amount of the fifth grant available is determined by how much a self-employed individual’s turnover is reduced.

The fifth grant is 80% of three months’ average trading profits capped at £7,500 for those self-employed individuals whose turnover has reduced by 30% or more. Those with a turnover reduction of less than 30% will receive a grant based on 30% of three months’ average trading profits, capped at £2,850.

Before making a claim taxpayers must:

  • Work out their turnover for a 12-month period starting from 1 April 2020 to 6 April 2020
  • Find their turnover from either 2019/20 or 2018/19 to use as a reference year.

HMRC advises taxpayers will need to have both figures ready when they make their claim.

Find out more about how to claim the SEISS

This scheme does not apply to company owners or directors who pay themselves dividends. However, company directors can be furloughed on the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme just like other employees.

Bounce Back Loan Scheme (BBLS)

BBLS is a small loan scheme launched on 4th May 2020 for businesses experiencing cashflow disruption as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak. The scheme is aimed at providing access to loans from £2,000 up to 25% of a business’ turnover, capped at a maximum loan of £50,000.

The scheme is delivered through a network of accredited lenders. Lenders receive a 100% government-backed guarantee, as such lenders cannot take personal guarantees or take recovery action over a borrower’s personal assets. However, the borrower remains 100% liable for the debt.

BBLS loan terms are set at 6 years with no capital repayments during the first 12 months, and interest rates fixed at 2.5%per annum. While BBLS loans are have a 6-year term, early repayment can be made without early repayment fees. Interest for the first 12 months of the loan is paid by the government via Business Interruption Payments (BIP).

Find out more about the Bounce Back Loans

Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme (CBILS)

As with BBLS, CBILS provides financial support to SME businesses experiencing cashflow disruption as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak. It is being delivered by the British Business Bank.

The main support is as outlined:

  • Loans of up to £5m are available to SMEs
  • Support can be in the form of term loans, Invoice or Asset Finance or overdrafts
  • Security is 80% backed by the Government and will not be charged to lenders or businesses
  • First twelve months of interest rate and lender-levied charges covered

To be eligible for lending the business must:

  • Be UK based with a turnover of less than £45m
  • Operate within an eligible sector and generate more than 50% of turnover from trading activity
  • Have a sound borrowing proposal but insufficient security to meet a lender’s normal requirements

From 30 July 2020, criteria around the classifications of businesses in difficulty changed following recent EU changes in State Aid Law around the test for businesses.

Updates to CBILS:

  • No personal guarantees in any form for facilities under £250k
  • Personal guarantees for facilities above £250k (capped). Personal guarantees may still be required (lender’s discretion) but recoveries under these are capped at a maximum of 20% of the outstanding balance of the CBILS facility after the proceeds of business assets have been applied.
  • A Principal Private Residence (PPR) cannot be taken as security to support a personal guarantee or as security for a CBIL backed facility.
  • Insufficient security no longer a condition to access the scheme. CBILS can now support lending to smaller businesses even where a lender considers there to be sufficient security, making more smaller businesses eligible to receive the business interruption payment.
Find out more about the CBILS

Coronavirus Large Business Interruption Loan Scheme (CLBILS)

For mid-sized and larger UK businesses suffering disruption due to the Covid-19 outbreak and with turnover of more than £45m, CLBILS provides finance facilities of up to £200m for term loans and revolving credit facilities, or up to £50m for invoice finance and asset finance facilities. Finance terms under CLBILS are for 3 months to 3 years.

As with the other schemes, CLBILS is delivered through a network of accredited lenders who receive a 80% government-backed guarantee, with the borrower remaining 100% liable for the debt.

Businesses looking to apply for CLBILS will need to have a borrowing proposal which the lender would consider viable, were it not for the current pandemic, and for which the lender believes the provision of finance will enable the business to trade out of any short-term to medium-term difficulty, supported by other financial documentation.

Those borrowing more than £50m will be subject to restrictions on dividend payments, senior pay and share buy-backs during the period of the loan.

Future Fund

The Future Fund will support innovative UK companies who typically rely on equity investment, have been hit by the effects of Covid-19 and have been unable to access other Government business support programmes because they are either pre-revenue or pre-profit.

The scheme is open for applications until 31 January 2021.

How it works:

  • Applications to be submitted via an online platform.
  • The Future Fund programme is investor led. An application on the platform is initiated by a lead investor who will provide information about itself, other investors and the company.
  • The company confirms that the information is correct and then submits the application.
  • Funding will be provided by way of a convertible loan of between £125k and £5m, with third-party investors at least matching the Government commitment.
  • The loan will be subject to an interest rate of at least 8% per annum which will accrue until the loan converts.
  • The loan will mature after a maximum period of 36 months.
  • The loan will automatically convert into equity on the company’s next qualifying funding round, or at the end of the loan if not repaid. 

Eligibility criteria:

  • Companies must be UK-incorporated and if part of a corporate group, only the parent company is eligible.
  • Companies in receipt of the loans will be required to have previously raised at least £250k in equity investment from third party investors in the last five years.
  • Only eligible companies that can attract at least 50% of third-party investment will receive funding.
  • Companies cannot have any of their shares traded on a regulated market or other listing venue.
  • The company must have been incorporated on or before 31st December 2019.

At least one of the following must be true for the company:

  • Half or more employees are UK based;
  • Half or more revenues are from UK sales.
Find out more about the Future Fund

Dedicated helpline

During the recent Budget, the Chancellor announced help for businesses struggling because of the Coronavirus.

HMRC has set up a dedicated COVID-19 helpline to help those in need. To ensure ongoing support, HMRC have made a further 2,000 experienced call handlers available to support firms when needed.

The number for HMRC’s dedicated helpline is 0800 0159 559.

Make sure you have the following information to hand for that call:

  • VAT or UTR number
  • The amount of the debt on file (so you must have submitted and not paid the VAT return)
  • The number of staff employed and what the payroll costs are for the next 6 months to a year
  • What overdraft facility is available
  • What the directors/partners/sole prop are doing personally to support the debt (eg, business loans and funding)
  • Cash flow projections and plans of how to support business continuity

Statutory Sick Pay Relief Package

In response to the coronavirus outbreak, new Regulations known as The Statutory Sick Pay (General) (Coronavirus Amendment) Regulations 2000 came into force on 13 March 2020. These will remain in force for a period of 8 months.

The government will bring forward legislation to allow small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) and employers to reclaim Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) paid for sickness absence due to COVID-19. The eligibility criteria for the scheme will be as follows:

  1. This refund will cover up to two weeks’ SSP per eligible employee who has been off work because of COVID-19.
  2. Employers with fewer than 250 employees will be eligible. The size of an employer will be determined by the number of people they employed as of 28 February 2020.
  3. Employers will be able to reclaim expenditure for any employee who has claimed SSP (according to the new eligibility criteria) as a result of COVID-19.
  4. Employers should maintain records of staff absences, but employees will not need to provide a GP fit note.
  5. The eligible period for the scheme will commence the day after the regulations on the extension of Statutory Sick Pay to self-isolators comes into force.
  6. The Coronavirus Statutory Sick Pay Rebate Scheme launches Tuesday 26 May.
Find out how to make a rebate claim

Business Rates Holiday

The Government has proposed a 12-month Business Rates holiday for the retail, hospitality and leisure business in England for the 2020 and 2021 tax years. Any business receiving this holiday should have been re-billed by their local authority. 

HMRC Time to Pay

The Government is highlighting it’s Time to Pay Scheme whereby all businesses with outstanding tax liabilities may be eligible to receive support in extending their payment terms.

A Time To Pay arrangement is an instalment plan agreed with HMRC that allows businesses to temporarily bridge financial difficulties in paying their tax on time.

Time to pay arrangements allow businesses to spread the payment of outstanding tax liabilities over a period of normally 3-6 months and exceptionally may allow up to 12+ months.

Find out more about Time to Pay


All VAT payments that were due between 20 March and 30 June 2020 were automatically deferred under the government’s Covid impact measures until 31 March 2021. 

In September 2020 the government announced further help to businesses, including a further VAT deferral scheme that will allow businesses to spread the liabilities that were originally deferred, by making up to 11 smaller monthly instalments, interest free. 

Under the scheme all payments must be made by 31 March 2022, with the first instalment being due on 31 March 2021. Businesses can choose instalments from 2 to 11 equal monthly payments. 

To use the scheme a business must opt-in by 31 March 2021. The system for opting-in is not yet live, but we will keep you updated once this is available. 

In the meantime, if you don’t already have one please ensure you set up a government gateway account as this will be necessary to opt into the scheme. Please note all VAT returns should still be submitted on time as usual. Any liabilities past 30 June 2020 were required to be settled as normal unless you arranged a separate agreement with HMRC.

Find out more about repaying deferred VAT


Tax return

HMRC have stated that if a taxpayer does not file their 2020 tax return by 31 January 2021, there will not be an automatic penalty, provided the tax return is submitted by 28 February 2021. However, HMRC are keen to encourage taxpayers to file their tax returns by the original 31 January deadline wherever possible and we would also recommend you meet the earlier deadline if you can. Please note that any tax payable for 2019/20, remains payable by 31 January 2021. Interest will be charged on late payment and penalties will apply to overdue tax for that year which remains outstanding on 28 February 2021.

Time to Pay

Individuals within Self Assessment can apply online to spread their 2019/20 tax liability, without the need to call HMRC.

Unlike the July 2020 payment on account, this is not an automatic deferral of the tax.

Any clients wishing to make such an arrangement would need to use the online self-serve Time to Pay service through to set up a direct debit.  This can only be done once their 2019/20 return has been submitted. The liability must be paid in monthly instalments over a maximum of 12 months.

The following requirements must be met:

  • no outstanding tax returns
  • no other tax debts
  • no other HMRC payment plans set up
  • Self Assessment tax bill between £32 and £30,000
  • it is no more than 60 days since the tax was due for payment

If a client does not meet the above conditions, a Time to Pay arrangement might still be possible, but they would need to call HMRC to set this up.

Interest applies to all Time to Pay arrangements and will run from 1 February 2021, until the liability is settled.

Extension to MTD ‘digital links’ deadline

Due to the impact Covid-19 is having on businesses, HMRC have granted an extension for those businesses participating in Making Tax Digital for VAT, meaning that those required to have ‘digital links’ within their record-keeping, now have until 1 April 2021. Businesses now have until their first VAT return period starting on or after 1 April 2021 to implement digital links.

Information for businesses

spring 2021 newsletter
guidance on the transfer pricing implications of the covid-19 pandemic
4 steps to managing cash flow
CJRS what you need to know
The new super-deduction tax scheme explained

Information on funding

Recovery Loan Scheme
Growth grants for businesses
£4.6billion in new grants to support businesses

Supporting you

Our team are ready to assist any of our clients who may need our help.

If you are worried about your business or your finances, please get in touch on 01903 234094 to speak to one of our professionals, or get in contact with your usual Carpenter Box contact.